Basseterre, St. Kitts, April 09, 2020 (SKNIS)
During an NEOC COVID-19 Daily Briefing held on April 08, Dr. Cameron Wilkinson, Medical Chief of Staff at the Joseph Nathaniel France (JNF) General Hospital, highlighted the four stages of viral transmission and the four scenarios that the World Health Organization (WHO) describes for countries affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. He noted that the St. Kitts and Nevis is now at Scenario two.
Dr. Wilkinson stated that the WHO advised that all countries should increase their level of preparedness and response to identify, manage and care for new cases of COVID-19.“Countries should prepare to respond to different health scenarios recognizing that there is no one size fits all approach to managing cases and outbreaks of COVID-19,” he said. “Each country should assess its risks and rapidly implement the necessary measures at the appropriate scale to reduce both COVID-19 transmission and economic, public and social impacts.”
The four transmission scenarios for COVID-19 include: Scenario One, countries with no cases; Scenario Two, countries with one or more cases imported or locally detected, that is sporadic cases; Scenario Three, countries experiencing cases clustered in time, geographic location or from a common exposure called cluster cases; and Scenario Four, countries experiencing large outbreaks of local transmission, which is called community transmission.
“Countries should prepare to respond to all transmission scenarios,” said Dr. Wilkinson. “Even when we were at scenario one here in the federation with no confirmed cases, we were preparing for scenario four. It would be virtually impossible to hide from the public at which scenario we are at especially as it relates to scenarios three and four as there will be obvious clinical manifestations with patients showing up in or at our health institutions as we see playing out in countries and cities around the world.”
The Medical Chief of